Nilgiri Tahr Conservation: Tamil Nadu conduct Survey with IUCN Observer

Nilgiri Tahr Conservation: Tamil Nadu conduct Survey with IUCN Observer
  1. Survey Overview:

    • Tamil Nadu government is conducting a three-day synchronised survey of the Nilgiri Tahr, the State animal, in collaboration with WWF, WII, and IUCN.
    • The survey aims to estimate the population of the endangered species across 13 forest divisions, 100 forest beats, and 140 feasible blocks, with a focus on areas along the Kerala border.
    • Methodology involves the bounded-count method in all areas and the double observer method in major populations like Grass Hills National Park, Mukurthi National Park, Silent Valley National Park, and Eravikulam National Park.</br>
  2. Project Nilgiri Tahr:

    • Survey results will serve as baseline data for Project Nilgiri Tahr, focusing on stabilising the population and possibly reintroducing the species in sites like Sathyamangalam Tiger Reserve.
    • The project comprises nine components including biennial synchronised surveys, reintroduction, disease diagnosis, radio collaring, and ecotourism.</br>
  3. Nilgiri Tahr Facts:

    • Endemic to the Western Ghats, the Nilgiri Tahr is an endangered species protected under Schedule-I of the Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972.
    • Threatened by habitat loss, fragmentation, poaching, and competition with domestic livestock.
    • Found in montane grasslands and shola forests at elevations between 1,200 and 2,600 meters, living in herds led by adult females.</br>
  4. Conservation Efforts:

    • Eravikulam National Park in Kerala and Mukurthi National Park in Tamil Nadu implement strict conservation measures.
    • Captive breeding programs in zoos support maintaining a viable population and reintroduction efforts.</br>

    In conclusion, the synchronised survey of the Nilgiri Tahr in Tamil Nadu represents a significant stride in the conservation of this endangered species. Through collaborative efforts involving government bodies, conservation organizations, and international entities like the IUCN, there is a clear dedication to safeguarding the biodiversity of the Western Ghats. The survey outcomes will serve as crucial foundational data for Project Nilgiri Tahr, which seeks to stabilize the population and combat the various threats faced by these mountain ungulates. Through the implementation of conservation strategies such as captive breeding programs and other initiatives, there is optimism for the enduring survival of the Nilgiri Tahr and the preservation of its habitat for the benefit of future generations.

    Nilgiri Tahr Project

    1. Objective: The Nilgiri Tahr Project, spanning 2022 to 2027, aims to conserve the endangered Nilgiri Tahr species in the Western Ghats.

    2. Population Assessment: Regular surveys using advanced methodologies are conducted to estimate Nilgiri Tahr populations across various forest divisions and blocks in Tamil Nadu.

    3. Habitat Conservation: Efforts focus on preserving and restoring natural habitats, including montane grasslands and shola forests, to address habitat loss and fragmentation.

    4. Threat Mitigation: Strategies are implemented to mitigate threats like poaching, habitat encroachment, and competition with domestic livestock.

    5. Research and Monitoring: Research initiatives are supported to better understand the ecology, behavior, and health status of Nilgiri Tahr populations, with continuous monitoring to track trends and identify threats.

    6. Community Engagement: Local communities are involved through awareness programs, capacity building, and sustainable livelihood initiatives to reduce human-wildlife conflicts.

    7. Collaboration and Partnerships: Collaboration with national and international organizations, research institutions, and government agencies leverages expertise and resources for effective conservation.

    8. Expected Outcomes:

      • Improved Population Status
      • Enhanced Habitat Quality
      • Strengthened Policy Framework
      • Sustainable Conservation Practices
      • Global Recognition

    Through these concerted efforts, the project seeks to secure a brighter future for the Nilgiri Tahr, ensuring its survival for generations to come.