India 2020, Latest Information about India the second-most populous country located in South Asia. India is the seventh largest country by area and the most populous democracy in the world. India consists of 28 States 9 Union Territories largest city Mumbai capital New Delhi.

Nomenclature of India

India has two official names – Bharat in Hindi and India in English. According to the Mahabharata, the region was named Bharat after the name of Bharata son of King Dushyant and Shakuntala. The name India is derived from the Greek word Indus which derives from the ancient Persian word Hindu, Hindu word stems from the Sanskrit word Sindhu which refers to the historic Indus River.

History of India

Ancient History of India

Medieval History of India

Modern History of India

Indian National Movement

Main article: History of India

National Symbol

National Identity Elements of India or National Symbols of India
India Flag
National Flag: Tricolor of deep saffron (Kesaria) at the top, white in the middle and dark green at the bottom, In the center of the white band is a new-blue wheel
State Emblem: Lion Capital of Ashoka at Sarnath, Motto “Satyameva Jayate”- Truth alone Triumphs (Mundakka Upanishad)
National Calendar: Saka Samvat along with Gregorian calender
National Anthem: Jana-gana-mana (Rabindranath Tagore)
National Song: Vande Mataram (Bankim Chandra Chatterji, Anandmath)
Currency Symbol: Indian rupee (₹) (INR)

National Bird: The Indian peacock (Pavo cristatus)
National Flower: Lotus (Nelumbo Nucifera)
National Tree: The Banyan Tree (Ficus benghalensis)
National Animal: Tiger (Panthera tigris)
National Fruit: Mango (Mangifera indica)
National Aquatic Animal: The mammal Ganges River Dolphin (Platanista gangetica).


Physical Background: Physical Features, Geological Structure, Rivers, Climate, Flora, Fauna

Demographic Background: Census, Population, Population Density, Gender Ratio, Literacy

Main article: Geography of India

States and UTs

Presently, India is divided into 28 States and 9 Union Territories.
State Names (Capital)
Andhra Pradesh (Hyderabad), Arunachal Pradesh (Itanagar), Assam (Dispur), Bihar (Patna), Chhattisgarh (Raipur), Goa (Panaji), Gujarat (Gandhinagar), Haryana (Chandigarh), Himachal Pradesh (Shimla), Jharkhand (Ranchi), Karnataka (Bangalore), Kerala (Thiruvananthapuram), Madhya Pradesh (Bhopal), Maharashtra (Mumbai), Manipur (Imphal), Meghalaya (Shillong), Mizoram (Aizawl), Nagaland (Kohima), Odisha (Bhubaneshwar), Punjab (Chandigarh), Rajasthan (Jaipur), Sikkim (Gangtok), Tamil Nadu (Chennai), Telangana (Hyderabad), Tripura (Agartala), Uttarakhand (Dehradun), Uttar Pradesh (Lucknow), West Bengal (Kolkata)

Union Territories (Capital)
Jammu and Kashmir (Srinagar / Jammu), Ladakh (),Andaman and Nicobar Islands (Port Blair), Chandigarh (Chandigarh), Dadra and Nagar Haveli (Silvassa), Daman & Diu (Daman), The Government of NCT of Delhi (Delhi), Lakshadweep (Kavaratti), Puducherry (Puducherry)

Main article: States and Union Territories


The Union and its Territory, Citizenship, Fundamental Rights, Fundamental Duties, Directive Principles of State Policy, The Union, The States, Union Territories, Local Government.

Main article: Polity of India, Constitution of India


Economy of India.

Main article: Economy of India


Customs and Lifestyle, Culture and Heritage, Monuments Performing Arts Handicrafts Festivals.

Mass Media People and Lifestyle Organisations engaged in Cultural Activities  National Academies Visual Arts and Literature

Main article: Culture of India

Travel and Tourism

Destinations and Places. Taj Mahal, Red Fort, Pink City, Kashi Vishwanath, Brhadisvara Temple, Agra Fort, Gateway of India, Mahabodhi Temple Complex at Bodh Gaya, Sé Cathedral, Victoria Memorial,

India and the World

India and Neighbors, India and Regional Organisations, India’s Foreign Relationship, Ministry of Overseas Indian Affairs

Science and Technology

Science and Technology in India

Highlights of India

Capital New Delhi 28°36′50″N 77°12′30″E
Largest city Mumbai 18°58′30″N 72°49′33″E
Official languages Hindi English
Recognised regional languages State level and Eighth Schedule
National language None
Religion 79.8% Hinduism, 14.2% Islam, 2.3% Christianity, 1.7% Sikhism, 0.7% Buddhism, 0.4% Jainism, 0.9% others
Demonym(s) Indian
Membership UN, WTO, BRICS, SAARC, SCO, G8+5, G20, Commonwealth of Nations
Government Federal parliamentary constitutional republic
President Ram Nath Kovind
Vice President Venkaiah Naidu
Prime Minister Narendra Modi
Chief Justice Ranjan Gogoi
Speaker of the Lok Sabha Om Birla
Legislature Parliament
Upper house Rajya Sabha
Lower house Lok Sabha
Independence from United Kingdom
Dominion 15 August 1947
Republic 26 January 1950
Area Total 3,287,263 km2 (1,269,219 sq mi) (7th)
Water (%) 9.6
Population 2016 estimate 1,324,171,354 (2nd)
Population 2011 census 1,210,854,977 (2nd)
Population Density 402.8/km2 (1,043.2/sq mi) (31st)
GDP (PPP) 2019 estimate $11.468 trillion (3rd)
GDP Per capita 2019 estimate $8,484 (119th)
GDP (nominal) 2019 estimate $2.972 trillion (5th)
GDP (nominal) Per capita 2019 estimate $2,199 (142nd)
Gini (2013) 33.9 medium (79th)
HDI (2017) 0.640 medium (130th)
Currency Indian rupee (₹) (INR)
Time zone UTC+05:30 (IST)
Date format dd-mm-yyyy
Driving side left
Calling code +91
ISO 3166 code IN
Internet TLD .in (others)

Is India a safe country?

India is generally a safe country for women travelers, but most women will experience staring by men.

How old is India?

According to genetics, anatomically modern humans first arrived in the Indian subcontinent from Africa 73,000 and 55,000 years ago. However, the oldest known human in South Asia dates back 30,000 years.

Why is India called India?

The name India is derived from Indus which is derived from the ancient Persian word Hindu, Hindu word stems from the Sanskrit word Sindhu which refers to the historic Indus River.

Why is India famous?

India is famous for its ancient civilization and culture.

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Updated: Jan 6, 2020 @ 3:15 am (IST)