Discoveries and Inventions

Discoveries and Inventions

Archimedean Screw Archimedes
Atom Neils Bohr
Atomic Number Mosley
Atomic Physics Enrico Fermi
Atomic Structure Bohr and Rutherford
Atomic Theory Dalton
Automatic Gearbox Hermann Fottinger
Adding Machine Pascal
Aeroplane Wright brothers
Air Brake George Westinghouse
Air Pump Otto von Guericke

Airship (rigid) G. Ferdinand von
Zeppelin
Aniline Dyes Hoffman
Antiseptic Surgery Lord Joseph Lister
Arc Lamp C. F. Brush
Automobile Daimler
Automobiles using
gasoline
Karl Benz
Avogadro’s
Hypothesis
Avogadro
Bacteriology Robert Koch
Bakelite Leo H Baekeland
Balloon Jacques and Joseph
Montgolfier
Ball-Point Pen John J. Loud
Barometer Evangelista Torricelli
Beri-Beri Eijkman
Bicycle Kirkpatrick Macmillan
Bicycle Tyre J.B. Dunlop
Bacteriophage Max Delbruck
Bifocal Lens Benjamin Franklin
Binomial
Nomenclature
Carl Linnaeus
Biogenetic Principle Ernst Haeckel
Bismuth Valentine
Bomb Edward Teller
Boson S.N.Bose
Boyle’s law Boyle
Braille Louis Braille
Breaking up the
Nucleus of an atom
Rutherford
Cinema A.L. and J.L. Lumiere
Centrigrade scale A. Celsius
Chemical Structure August Kekule
Chemotherapy Paul Ehrlich
Chloroform James Harrison and
James Young Simpson
Cholera Bacillus Robert Koch
Calculating Machine Pascal

Camera George Eastman
Carburettor Gottlieb Daimler
Cell Doctrine Rudolf Virchow
Celluloid A. Parker
Cement Joseph Aspdin
Chromosomal
Theory of Heredity
Thomas Hunt Morgan
Chronometer John Harrison
Cine Camera Friese-Greene
Cinematography Thomas Alva Edison
Classical Field
Theory
Michael Faraday
Clock (machanical) Hsing and Ling-Tsan
Clock (pendulum) C. Hugyens
Coloured
Photography
Lippman
Computer Charles Babbage
Cosmic Rays R.A.Millikan
Crescograph J.C.Bose
Crystal Dynamics C.V.Raman
Cyclotron Lawrence
Deuterium (Heavy
Water)
H.C. Urey
Diesel Engine Rudolf Diesel
Diesel Oil Engine Rudolf Diesel
Difference Engine Charles Babbage
Electrons J.J. Thomson
Solar System Copernicus (1540)
Specific Gravity Archimedes
Dynamite Alfred B. Nobel
Dynamo Michael Faraday
Effect of Pressure
on Trough Bodies
Meghnad Saha
Eightfold Way Murray Gell-Mann
Electric Battery Alessandro Volta
Electrical Waves Heitz
Electricity Faraday
Electromagnet William Sturgeon
Electromagnetic Field James Clerk Maxwell

Electromagnetic Theory Maxwell
Electron Joseph J. Thomson
Electron Theory Bohr
Electronic Computer Dr. Alan M. Turing
Elevator Elisha G. Otis
Energy of the Sun Hans Bethe
‘Equal’ sign (=) Robert Recorde
Ethology Konrad Lorenz
Eugenics Francis Galton
Fahrenheit Scale Fahrenheit
Film and Goods Photographic Kodak
Electric Flat Iron H.W. Seeley
Electric Furnace William Siemens
Electric Generator Michael Faraday
Electric Guitar Adolph Rickenbacker
Electric iron H.W. Seeley
Electric Lamp Thomas Alva Edison
Electric Measurement Gauss
Electric Motor (AC) Nikola Tesla
Electric Razor Jacob Schick
Film (with sound) Dr. Lee de Forest
Fundamental Laws of Electric Attraction Coulomb
Galvanometer Andre-Marie Ampere
Gas Lighting William Murdoch
Gasoline Engine Karl Benz
Genetic Code Frederick Sanger
Glider Sir George Caley
Gramophone Thomas Alva Edison
Gun Powder Rogei Bacon
Heavens William Herschel
Heavy Hydrogen Urey
Helicopter Broquett
Heliocentric Universe Nicolaus Copernicus

Helium Gas Lockyer
Hovercraft Christopher Cockerell
Hydrogen Cavendish
Hydrophobia Louis Pasteur
Intelligence Test Binet
Internal Combustion Engine Otto
Jeans Levi Strauss
Jet Engine Sir Frank Whittle
Jet Propulsion Frank Whittle
Kala-azar Fever U.N. Brahmachari
Kaleidoscope David Brewster
Laboratory Gas Burner Robert Wilhelm von Bunsen
I.Q. Test Alfred Binet
In Number Theory Ramanujam
Incandescent Bulb Edison
Induction Coil Rohm Korff
Induction of Electric Current Faraday
Insulin F. Banting
Laughing Gas Priestley
Law of Electrolysis Faraday
Law of Gases Gay Lussac
Laws of Electrical Resistance Ohm
Laws of Gravitation Newton
Laws of Heredity Gregory Mandel
Laws of Inheritance Gregory Mendel
Laws of Motion Newton
Laws of Multiple Proportion Dalton
Laws of Natural Selections Darwin
Logarithms John Napier
Machine Gun Dr. Richard Gatling
Malarial Parasite Ronald Ross
Match (safety) J.E. Lurdstrom
Mathematical Astrophysics Chandrasekhar

Mathematical
Genius
Carl Gauss (Karl Friedrich
Gauss)
Mauve Dye Perkin
Measurement of
Electrical Energy
Joule, James Prescoft
Mechanical
Equivalent of Heat
Joules
Mercury
Thermometer
Fahrenheit
Meson Hideki Yakawa
Microphone Johann Phillip Reis,
Alexander Graham Bell,
Elisha Gray, Amos E.
Dolbear, and Thomas
Edison
Microscopic
Anatomy
Marcello Malpighi
Life Boat Henry Great Head
Lift E.g., Otis
Lift (Elevators) Otis
Lightning
Conductor
Benjamin Franklin
Line of Demarcation
(Ship)
Plimsoll
Linotype Mergenthaler
Liquid Oxygen Dewar
Locomotive Richard Trevithick
Logarithmic Tables John Napier
Modern
Anthropology
Franz Boas
Modern Astronomy Arthur Eddington
Motion of the
Planets
Johannes Kepler
Motor Car (Petrol) Karl Butler
Movie Projector Thomas Alva Edison
Neon Gas Ramsay, Travers
Neon Lamp G. Claude
Neurophysiology Charles Sherrington
Neutron Chadwick
New Anatomy Andreas Vesalius

New Astronomy Tycho Brahe
New Science Galileo Galilei
Newtonian
Mechanics
Pierre Simon de Laplace
Modern Computer John von Neumann
Modern Geology Charles Lyell
Modern Physiology William Bayliss
Modern Synthesis Theodosius Dobzhansky
Modern Telescope Edwin Hubble
Molecular Biology Francis Crick
Molecular
Scattering of Light
in Fluid
Ramanathan
Montessori Method Maria Montessori
Newtonian
Revolution
Isaac Newton
Nuclear Fission Otto Hahn, Bohr and
Fermi
Nylon Dr. Wallace H. Carothers
Nylon Plastic Carothers
Organic Chemistry Emil Fischer
Origin of Species Charles Darwin
Oxygen Priestly
Paints Shalimar
Paper Clip Johann Vaaler
Parking Meter Carlton Mcgee
Penicillin Alexander Fleming
Periodic Law Mendeleef
Periodic Table of
Elements
Dmitri Mendeleev
Pharmacology Gertrude Belle Elion
Phonograph Edison
Photograph Dauguerre
Photography (paper) W.H. Fox Tablot
Quantum Theory Werner Heisenberg
Quantum Theory Max Plank
Raazor (safety) K.G. Gillete
Rabies Vaccine Louis Pasteur

Radar Dr. A.H. Taylor and L.C.
Young
Radio G. Marconi
Phototherapy N.R. Finsen
Pneumatic Tyres John Boyd Dunlop
Positive Electrons Anderson
Power Loom Edmund Cartwright
Powerloom Cartwright
Principle for lever
(S.P. Gravity)
Archimedes
Printing for the
Blind
Braille
Printing Press Johannes Gutenberg
Psycho-analysis Dr. Sigmund Freud
Psychology of the
Unconscious
Sigmund Freud
Quanta Max Planck
Quantum
Cosmology
Stephen Hawking
Quantum
Electrodynamics
Richard Feynman
Quantum
Mechanics
Max Born
Radio Transmitter Alexanderson
Radioactive Dating Willard Libby
Radioactivity Marie Curie
Radioactivity of
Uranium
Henry Becquerel
Radium Madame Curie
Railway Engine Stephenson
Raincoat Charles Macintosh
Raman Effect C.V. Raman
Rare Gas Cavandish
Safety Razor King C. Gillette
Salk Vaccine Salk
Saxophone Antoine Joseph Sax
Scooter G. Bradshaw
Rayon American Viscose Co.

Razor (electric) Col. J. Schick
Refrigerator James Harrison,
Alexander Catlin
Replacing Human
Heart
Christian Barnard
Revolution in
Chemistry
Antoine Laurent Lavoisier
Revolver Samuel Colt
Rise of German
Science
Hermann von Helmholtz
Rubber (vulcanized) Charles Goodyear
Rubber (waterproof) Charles Macintosh
Safety Lamp Sir Humphrey Davy
Safety Pin William Hurst
Seismograph Roberts Mallet
Sewing Machine Thomas Saint
Sextant Hadley
Ship (steam) J.C. Perier
Ship (turbine) Sir Charles Parsons
Soviet Genetics Trofim Lysenko
Space Flying Braun, Dr. Wernher von
Spectroscope Bunsen
Spectroscopy Gustav Kirchhoff
Spinning Frame Sir Richard Arkwight
Spinning Jenny James Hargreaves
Stainless Steel Harry Brearley
Shorthand Sir Isaac Pitman
Sociobiology Edward O. Wilson
Steam Boat Fulton
Steam Engine James Watt
Steam Engine
(condenser)
James Watt
Steam Engine
(piston)
Thomas Newcome
Steam Turbine Parsons
Stress Concept Hans Selye
Structural
Anthropology
Claude Levi-Strauss
Structure of DNA James Watson

Structure of the
Atom
Ernest Rutherford
Submarine David Bushnell
Sulpha Drugs Domagk
Steel Melting
Process
Bessemer
Steel Production Henry Bessemer
Stethoscope Dr. William Stokes, Rene
Laennec
Superconductivity Heike Kamerlingh
Symbiosis Theory Lynn Margulis
Telegraph Samuel Morse
Telegraphic Code Samuel Morse
Telephone Sir Alexander Graham
Bell
Telescope Galileo
Television Baird
Television
(mechanical)
John Logie Baird
Tempo of Evolution George Gaylord Simpson
Terylene J. Whinfield and H.
Dickson
The Long Playing
Microgroove Record
Peter Goldmark
T.N.T. llly Brandt
Talkies Lee-de-Frost
Tank Sir Ernest Swington
Theory of
Conditioned Reflex
Pavlov
Theory of Evolution Darwin
Theory of Relativity Einstein
Thermometer Galileo Gallei
Thermos Flasks Dewar
Tractor J. Froelich
Transformer Michael Faraday
Transistor Bardeen, Shockley,
Brattain
Typewriter C. Sholes
Uranium Fusion Oho Hahn
Theory of the Atom John Dalton
Inventions/
Discoveries
Name of the Scientist/
Person
Thermodynamics Ludwig Boltzmann
Vaccination Edward Jenner
Valve of Radio Sir J.A. Fleming
Vitamins Hopkins and Funk
Vitamin A Elmer V. McCollum and
M. Davis
Vitamin B Elmer V. McCollum
Vitamin B1 Casimir Funk
Vitamin B2 D. T. Smith, E. G.
Hendrick
Vitamin Niacin Conrad Elvehjem
Vitamin Folic acid Lucy Wills
Vitamin B6 Paul Gyorgy
Vitamin C James Lind
Vitamin D Edward Mellanby
Vitamin E Herbert Evans and
Katherine Bishop
Vulcanised Rubber Charles Goodyear
Washing Soda Lablanc
Watch A.L. Breguet
Waterproof Rubber Charles Macintosh
Wave Mechanics Erwin Schrodinger
Wave Theory of
Light
Christiaan Huygens
Wave/Particle
Duality
Louis Victor de Broglie
Wireless
Communication
Oliver Lodge
Wireless Telegraphy Marcony
World Wide Web
and Hypertext
Markup Language
Tim Berners Lee
X-rays Roentgen
X-ray Wilhelm Reontgen
X-ray
Crystallography
Max von Laue
Zerox Machine Chester Carlson
Zip Fastener W.L. Judson
Zipper B.F. Goodrich


General Knowledge